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The Conservation Reserve Program (CRP): A Landowner's Guide to Environmental Stewardship and Financial Benefits

Bluebonnets on the edge of an unpaved road

As dedicated land and ranch real estate agents in the north Texas area, part of our role in helping people buy and sell land & ranches is understanding government programs that are available to landowners. We need to understand the impacts a program like the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) can have on both the environment and the financial well-being of landowners. Whether you're considering the purchase of land or looking to maximize the potential of your current property, having someone on your team that can understand government programs like the CRP is essential. Here's what you need to know about this pivotal program and how it can benefit you as a landowner.

What is the CRP?

Established by the Food Security Act of 1985, and reauthorized by the 2018 Farm Bill, the CRP program is implemented by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Farm Service Agency (FSA), the CRP is a voluntary program aimed at conserving and improving soil, water, and wildlife resources. By enrolling land in the CRP, landowners agree to remove environmentally sensitive land from agricultural production and plant species that will improve environmental health. In return, they receive yearly rental payments, cost-share assistance for the implementation of conservation practices, and the satisfaction of contributing to the nation's environmental health. Typical contract duration is between 10 and 15 years with the long-term goal to re-establish valuable land cover, prevent soil erosion, and reduce loss of wildlife habitat.

Benefits of Enrolling in the CRP

For Landowners:

  • Financial Incentives: Receive annual rental payments that provide a steady income stream, making it financially beneficial to participate in land conservation.

  • Cost-Share Assistance: Up to 50% cost-share assistance for establishing conservation practices, reducing the financial burden on landowners.

  • Land Value: Well-managed lands under conservation programs can be more attractive to future buyers who value sustainability and conservation.

For the Property and the Environment:

  • Soil Conservation: Reduces erosion and improves soil health.

  • Water Quality: Enhances water quality by filtering run-off and reducing sedimentation.

  • Wildlife Habitat: Provides crucial habitats for native wildlife, including pollinators and endangered species.

How to Participate

Participation in the CRP can be through general or continuous enrollment, depending on the specific goals and characteristics of your land. General enrollment for 2024 starts today (March 4th) and continues through March 29, 2024. Continuous enrollment offers a streamlined process for high-priority areas, while general enrollment is competitive and subject to periodic sign-up periods. To participate, you must have owned or operated the land for at least 12 months prior to submitting the offer for continuous enrollment or 12 months before the close of general or grasslands signs (with a few exceptions like inheriting the land).

Considerations for Landowners

Before enrolling, it's crucial to consider the long-term commitment required, as CRP contracts typically last 10-15 years. Additionally, think about how enrolling in the CRP aligns with your overall land management goals and financial planning.

The Role of a Real Estate Agent

As your land and ranch real estate agents, part of our role is to help you navigate the complexities of government programs like the CRP. From evaluating the potential benefits and implications for your specific property to assisting with the enrollment process, we are here to ensure that you make informed decisions that align with your long-term objectives.


The CRP offers a unique opportunity for landowners to contribute to environmental conservation while receiving financial rewards. If you're interested in exploring how your land can benefit from the CRP, or if you're looking to purchase property with potential for enrollment in conservation programs, I'm here to guide you through every step of the process. Together, we can work towards a more sustainable and prosperous future for our lands.


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